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ORAL PRESENTATIONS
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 80-83

Intimate Partner Domestic Violence in Jos Plateau State Nigeria


Government Dental Center, Jos, Plateau State

Correspondence Address:
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Abstract Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) occurs between two people in an intimate relationship. Common types of IPV are Coercive Controlling Violence (CCV), Violent Resistance (VR), Situational Couple Violence and Mutual Violent Control. Identifying the common types of IPV in a community will go a long way in managing and overcoming it. IPV that involves the death of a member or whole family is on the increase. The cause(s) of IPV are multi- factorial, creating gaps in recognition of IPV. Aim: To identify IPV in Jos. Objectives: To establish relationship between verbal and physical violence; to know the frequency of sexual abuse among respondents; to know respondents' perception on the risk to life as a result of IPV; and to identify health related issues due to IPV. Methodology: Cross-sectional study involving 112 adults, age 21 to 68years. Married women (n=98) unmarried women (n=5) and men (n=12). Self-administered questionnaire for data collection on socio-demographic characteristics and screening tools which include: Hurt, Insult, Threaten, and Scream (HITS) Tool, Woman Abuse Screening Tool (WAST), Partner Violence Screen (PVS) and Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS). Result: Excel version 8 and SPSS version 23.0 were used for data analysis to generate frequencies, percentages, and Chi square associations. Hits: Marital status made signifi cant difference (X2=8.137, p=0.045). WAST: Age, gender and marital status made no signifi cant difference (X2=0.130, p=0.719). PVS: Marital status made signifi cant difference (X2 = 12.690, p=0.005). AAS: Marital status made signifi cant difference (X2=14.447, p=0.002). Discussion: Sexual abuse made no signifi cant difference probably out of denial. Divorce and separation could be due to IPV with high HITS and injuries. Conclusion and Recommendations: IPV occur in Jos. HITS and health related issues from emotional physical abuse by spouse were noted. Institutions should lookout for IPV, its perpetrators and victims, manage appropriately and enforce laws on IPV.


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