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 Table of Contents  
ORAL PRESENTATIONS
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 91-93

Awareness of breast cancer and breast self examination among female students of a tertiary institution in Zaria



Date of Web Publication30-Jun-2021

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How to cite this article:
Popoola M O, Popoola O B, Mohammed B A. Awareness of breast cancer and breast self examination among female students of a tertiary institution in Zaria. J Med Womens Assoc Niger 2021;6:91-3

How to cite this URL:
Popoola M O, Popoola O B, Mohammed B A. Awareness of breast cancer and breast self examination among female students of a tertiary institution in Zaria. J Med Womens Assoc Niger [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Jul 29];6:91-3. Available from: http://www.jmwan.org/text.asp?2021/6/1/91/319847


  Introduction Top


Breast cancer is a global health issue and a leading cause of death among women internationally/black women. (1-4) Breast cancer is distinguished by other types of cancers by the fact that it occurs in a visible organ and can be detected and treated at an early stage.

(5) The 5year survival rate reached 85% with early detection. Late detection decrease the survival rate to 56%.(6)

Low survival rates in less developed countries can be attributed to the lack of early detection as well as inadequate diagnosis and treatment facilities.



The recommended preventive techniques to reduce breast cancer mortality include

  • Breast Self-Examination (BSE)
  • Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) and
  • Mammography.





  Background Top


Recommended Preventive techniques to reduce breast cancer mortality and morbidity which include:

  • Breast Self-Examination (BSE)
  • Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) and
  • Mammography


90% of the times, breast cancer is first noticed by the person herself (7) the practice of BSE is low and varies in different countries as seen below;

  • England - 54%(8)
  • Nigeria - 19% to 43.2%(9,10)
  • India - 0 to 52%(11,12)



  Aim Top


The aim of this study is to determine the respondent's awareness of breast cancer, and it's also aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of Breast Self- Examination (BSE) among female students of the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.


  Method Top


A Cross-sectional descriptive study was used for this study, the data was analyzed by using SPSS version 20 and a test of significance at p<0.05 was recorded.Although all 185(100%) of the respondents


  Result Top


The total number of female students recruited for this study was 200; the total respondents were 185 bringing the response rate to 92.5%. Majority of the respondents (75.7%) were within the age bracket of 20-29 years. Mean age for the study was 22 years.

The minimum age for the study was 17years; maximum age was 35years while the mean age was 22.4 ± 3.36yrs.

Although all 185(100%) of the respondents have heard of breast cancer, only 82(44.3%) of them knew it to be a malignant disease of the breast. Their general knowledge of the risk factors for breast cancer was poor.



While 38.4% of the respondents have heard of mammography, only 20 (10.8%) have had a mammogram done.


  Discussion Top


The study showed that all the respondents were aware of breast cancer but there's need for more enlightenment to improve knowledge of risk factors. In the study, 125 respondents knew of BSE, 111 respondents knew of BSE as a Screening method but the actual performance of BSE is low.








  Conclusion Top


Despite the fact that most of the respondents were aware of breast cancer and some of its screening methods, the actual practice of BSE is very poor. There is need for increased awareness among this cadre of females about the usefulness of regular BSE in early detection of Breast Cancer.



[14]

 
  References Top

1.
Dolar Doshi, B Srikanth Reddy, Suhas Kulkarni, P Karunakar. Breast Self- examination: Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice among Female Dental Students in Hyderabad City, India. IJPC Indian Journal of Pallative Care. 2012 Jan-April; 18(1): 68-73.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Althius MD, Dozier JM, Anderson WF, Devesa SS, Brinton LA. Global trends in breast cancer incidence and mortality 1973-1997. Int J Epidemiol. 2005;34:405-12. [PubMed]  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Shibuya K, Mathers CD, Boschi-Pinto C, Lopez AD, Murray CJ. Global and regional estimates of cancer mortality and incidence by site: II. Results for the global burden of disease 2000. BMC Cancer. 2002;2:37. [PMC free article] [PubMed].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Hortobagyi GN, de la Garza Salazar J, Pritchard K, Amadori D, Haidinger R, Hudis CA, et al. The global breast cancer burden: Variations in epidemiology and survival. Clin Breast Cancer. 2005;6:391-401. [PubMed].  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Tasci A, Usta YY. Comparison of Knowledge and Practices of Breast Self Examination (BSE): A Pilot Study in Turkey. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2010;11:1417-20. [PubMed].  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Hallal JC. The relationship of health beliefs, health locus of control, and self concept to the practice of breast self-examination in adult women. Nurs Res. 1982;31:137-42. [PubMed].  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Simsek S, Tug T. Benign tumors of the breast: Fibroadenoms. Sted. 2002;11:102-5.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Philip J, Harris WG, Flaherty C, Joslin CA. Clinical measures to assess the practice and efficiency of breast self-examination. Cancer. 1986;58:973-7. [PubMed].  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Okobia M N, Bunker CH, Okonofua FE, Osime U. Knowledge, attitude and practice of Nigerian women towards breast cancer: A cross-sectional study. World J Surg Oncol. 2006;4:11. [PMC free article] [PubMed].  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Gwarzo UM, Sabitu K, Idris SH. Knowledge and practice of breast self-examination among female undergraduate students of Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, northwestern Nigeria. Ann Afr Med. 2009;8:55-8. [PubMed].  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Gupta SK. Impact of a health education intervention program regarding breast self examination by women in a semi-urban area of Madhya Pradesh, India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2009;10:11137. [PubMed].  Back to cited text no. 11
    
12.
Yadav P, Jaroli DP. Breast cancer: Awareness and risk factors in college-going younger age group women in Rajasthan. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2010;11:319-22. [PubMed].  Back to cited text no. 12
    
13.
Stillman MJ. Women's health beliefs about breast cancer and breast self- examination. Nurs Res. 1977;26:121-7. [PubMed].  Back to cited text no. 13
    
14.
Lierman LM, Young HM, Powell-Cope G,Georgiadou F, Benoliel JQ. Effects of education and support on breast self-examination in older women. Nurs Res. 1994;43:158-63. [PubMed].  Back to cited text no. 14
    




 

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  In this article
Introduction
Background
Aim
Method
Result
Discussion
Conclusion
References

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