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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-14

Drug abuse and intimate partner violence in Edo State, Nigeria

1 Department of Family Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria
2 Department of Mental Health, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria
3 Department of Family Medicine, Central Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
4 Department of Pharmacology, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria
5 Department of Physiology, Edo University, Iyamho, Edo State, Nigeria
6 Department of Family Medicine, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tijani Idris Ahmad Oseni
Department of Family Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmwa.jmwa_3_22

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CONTEXT: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is highly prevalent among substance abusers globally. Cases of IPV and substance abuse have been on the increase in Edo State and Nigeria. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between drug abuse and IPV in Edo State. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A community-based, descriptive cross-sectional study of 1227 systematically selected respondents from across the three senatorial districts of Edo State, Nigeria was conducted. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Substance Use Brief Screen, Extended Hurt, Insult, Threaten, Scream (E-HITS), and the modified E-HITS questionnaires were used to assess the prevalence and pattern of drug abuse, IPV, and perpetration of IPV, respectively. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Data were analyzed with epi info RESULTS: The prevalence of drug abuse among respondents was found to be 27.1%. Drug abusers were mostly males (odds ratio [OR] = 1.692, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.312–2.182); unmarried (OR = 1.353, 95% CI: 1.056–1.749) and resided in the northern part of the state (OR = 1.689, 95% CI: 1.238–2.311). Drug abusers were more likely to perpetrate IPV (OR = 1.433, 95% CI 1.113–1.845) and be victims of IPV (OR = 1.827, 95% CI: 1.414–2.359) compared to nondrug abusers. CONCLUSIONS: IPV was significantly higher among substance abusers who were males, unmarried, with low levels of education and income. They were also mostly from the northern part of the state. There is a need for relevant stakeholders to institute measures that will reduce the high prevalence of drug abuse among residents in Edo State, particularly in Edo North and Nigeria to reduce IPV and improve family functionality.

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